Tuesday, June 23, 2009

Code of Hammurabi

Now you are probably going to ask yourself why would I be sending you a tid-bit on one of the 'codes of Hammurabi.' Well you would be right to ask such a thing, for who do you know who would go off on a tangent like this?

The very short answer is that I was doing research on what men have done to effectively and systematically subjugate women. Stuff like that. The Hammurabic Code was in force at the time of Sarah and her husband. She and he lived according to these codex when they were married and left Chaldea. Anyways...

Around a hundred years ago the 'Code' was found in Khuzestan, Iran. A border province close to it's neighbors, Basra, Iraq. Stolen or taken by an Elamite King from this area, then known as Elam.

There are 282 such laws in the Code of Hammurabi, each no more than a sentence or two. The 282 laws are bracketed by a Prologue in which Hammurabi introduces himself, and an Epilogue in which he affirms his authority and sets forth his hopes and prayers for his code of laws

Examples: you may know this, since your a builder for the princes and rulers of this time, but if not I give you example 4 as an early rule of thumb for the 'types of contractors' that you might use for helping you build a project. (also #7 was given 3,800 years ago and applies to even our conversation with Virgie last weekend; and what Alice had to suffer with.)

1. If any one ensnares another, putting a ban upon him, but he can not prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death.
2. If any one brings an accusation against a man, and the accused goes to the river and leaps into the river, if he sinks in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river proves that the accused is not guilty, and he escapes unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser.
3. If any one brings an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if a capital offense is charged, be put to death.
4. If a Builder builds a house for someone, and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built falls in and kills its owner, then that builder shall be put to death.
5. If a man give his child to a nurse and the child dies in her hands, but the nurse unbeknown to the father and mother nurses another child, then they shall convict her of having nursed another child without the knowledge of the father and mother and her breasts shall be cut off.
6. If any one steals the minor son of another, he shall be put to death.
7. If a man takes a woman to wife, but has no intercourse with her, this woman is no wife to him.


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